A group of eleven known vitamins that work
together in your body. All play vital roles in the conversion
of food into energy. Essential for the normal functioning of the
nervous system, and the maintenance of good digestion. Helps promote
healthy skin, hair, and eyes. These are water soluble vitamins,
which means they cannot be stored by your body and must be replaced
A vitamin which maintains energy levels, supports
brain function (memory). Aids in digestion. Necessary for metabolism
of sugar and starch to provide energy. Maintains a healthy nervous
system. Alcohol can cause deficiencies of this vitamin and all
the B-complex vitamins.
A vitamin which helps with energy production
and amino acid production. Helps body obtain energy from protein,
carbohydrates, and fats. Helps maintain good vision and healthy
A vitamin Important in carbohydrate metabolism,
formation of testosterone and other hormones, formation of red
blood cells and maintaining the integrity of all cells. Helps
body utilize protein, fats, and carbohydrates. Necessary for a
healthy nervous system and digestive system. It also lowers elevated
blood cholesterol levels when taken in large amounts of more than
1,000 milligrams a day.
B-5 (Pantothenic Acid)
A vitamin which supports carbohydrate, protein
and fat metabolism; hemoglobin synthesis. Helps release energy
from protein, carbohydrates, and fat. Needed to support a variety
of body functions, including the maintenance of a healthy digestive
A vitamin which supports glycogen and nitrogen
metabolism; production and transport of amino acids; production
and maintenance of red blood cells (hemoglobin) Essential for
the body's utilization of protein. Needed for the production of
red blood cells, nerve tissues, and antibodies. Women taking oral
contraceptives have lower levels of B-6.
Necessary for carbohydrate, protein and fat
metabolism. Important to amino acid and fatty acid synthesis;
essential for hemoglobin and nerve cell growth and maintenance.
The anti-stress vitamin, sometimes prescribed for stress reduction.
BCAA's (Branch Chain Amino Acids)
Leucine, Valine, and Isoleucine are called
"branch chain" aminos due to their molecular structure,
and are important essential amino acids well known for their anticatabolic
(muscle-saving) benefits. They are called BCAA's because they
structurally branch off another chain of atoms instead of forming
a line. Studies have shown that BCAA's postively affect skeletal
muscle growth, enhance fat loss, help to stimulate protein synthesis
and inhibit its breakdown, so BCAA's have powerful anabolic and
anticatabolic effects on the body. They may also potentiate the
release of some anabolic hormones, such as growth hormone. Regular
ingestion of BCAA's help to keep the body in a state of postive
nitrogen balance. In this state, your body much more readily builds
muscle and burns fat. Studies have shown that athletes taking
extra BCAA's have shown a loss of more bodyfat than those not
BCAAs are used as a source of energy for muscle
cells. During prolonged exercise, BCAAs are released from skeletal
muscles and their carbon backbones are used as fuel, while their
nitrogen portion is used to form another amino acid, Alanine.
Alanine is then converted to Glucose by the liver. This form of
energy production is called the Alanine-Glucose cycle, and it
plays a major role in maintaining the body's blood sugar balance.
A phytonutrient carotenoid with antioxidant
and provitamin A activity. In addition to providing the body with
a safe source of Vitamin A, beta carotene works with other natural
protectors to defend your cells from harmful free radical damage.
This is an important micrinutrient in helping the body with metabolic
functions, such as recovery from exercise.
Beta-Hydroxy Beta-Methylbutyrate (HMB)
It is a compound mande in the body and a metabolite
of the essential amino acid Leucine. Studies have found that HMB
has a decrease in stress-induced muscle protein breakdown. Studies
also found that HMB may enhance increases in both muscle size
and strength when combined with resistance training.
There are a number of theories why you may need
HMB. The first, is that under stressful conditions, the body may
not make enough HMB to satisfy the increased needs of tissues.
It could also be that stress may alter enzymes or concentration
of certain biochemicals that decrease normal HMB production. Another
theory is that HMB may regulated enzymes sresponsible for muscle
Biological Value (BV)
An attempt to measure how efficiently protein
us used in the body. Biological Value is derived from providing
a measure intake of protein, then noting the nitrogen uptake versus
nitrogen excretion. The actually process is much more complicated
though. In theory, a BV value of 100 is maximal. Some studies
claim they have a higher BV than 100, but they refer to a chemical
score, not the biological value of whey.
A vitamin that helps with energy metabolism,
fatty acid and nucleic acid synthesis.
It is a trace mineral. Studies show that Boron
helps the body retain minerals, such as Calcium and Magnesium.
Large amounts of Boron, over 10 milligrams a day, can be toxic,
particularly to the organs that manufacture testosterone. You
can find traces of Boron in all the food groups, even in wine,
with the greatest concentration in prunes, raisins, parsley flakes,
and almonds. A 1987 study showed that Boron could dramatically
increase testosterone levels, however, the study was for postmenopausal
women who had testosterone deficiencies. Once their boron-rich
diets brought their testosterone levels back up to normal, those
levels stabilized, and they didn't get any higher no matter how
many more prunes or parsley flakes that they ate. Thus, it is
somewhat unproven that boron can help build muscle mass by increasing
your testosterone levels. However, a lack of boron in your diet
may have a 'negative' impact on energy utilization.
A source of mucopolysaccharides which have
anti-inflamatory and joint protective properties.
Bovine Colostrum Usually from cows, a dairy
product that has similar properties to human colostrum. Normally,
adults cannot absorb colostrum's antibodies and growth factors
the way a newborn can. But it still has superior nutritional values
which may make it a useful supplement.
A plan native to Asia that has fragrant white
flowers and small triangular seeds. The edible seeds are often
ground into flour. According to animal studies, buckwheat is better
than casein (a milk protein) for promoting muscle growth and body
growth and decreasing blood lipids. For persons allergic to wheat
gluten, it provides a gluten-free food with uses similar to gains.
Roasted buckwheat is known as Kasha. Buckwheat is usually available
"Man who say it
cannot be done should not interrupt man doing it."
- Chinese Proverb
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