History Of Medical Ozone
first discovered and named by German scientist C.F. Schonbein
The first ozone generators were developed by Werner von Siemens
in Germany in 1857. The first report of ozone being used to purify
blood in test tubes was by the German Dr. C. Lender in 1870.
The first American therapeutic use of ozone was by Dr. John H.
Kellogg in ozone steam saunas at his Battle Creek, Michigan sanitarium
from 1880, as he wrote in his book, "Diphtheria: Its Nature, Causes,
Prevention and Treatment". We have revived this powerful therapy
100 years later with our company, Plasmafire Intl.
In October 1893, the world's first water treatment plant using
ozone was installed in Ousbaden, Holland, and today there are
over 3000 municipalities around the world that use ozone to clean
their water and sewage, including all the great cities.
In 1885, the Florida Medical Association published "Ozone" by
Dr. Charles J. Kenworthy, MD, detailing the use of ozone for therapeutic
In September 1896, the electrical genius Nikola Tesla patented
his first ozone generator, and in 1900 he formed the Tesla Ozone
Co. Tesla sold ozone machines and ozonated olive oil to doctors
for medical use. (100 years later we are doing the same things
with our company, Plasmafire Intl, with the adaptation and perfection
of another unpatented electrostatic Tesla design built up until
the 1920s. We have seen several of these 80 year old generators
and they still work perfectly. With this in mind, we offer the
world's only Lifetime Warranty on an ozone generator).
In 1898, the Institute for Oxygen Therapy Healing was started
in Berlin by Thauerkauf and Luth. They experimented with injecting
ozone. Ozone was bonded to magnesium in a catalytic process to
produce Homozon by Dr. Eugene Blass in 1898. Beginning in 1898,
Dr. Benedict Lust, a German doctor practicing in New York, established
the practice of Naturopathy, based on ozone therapy.
Also in 1898, homeopathic Dr. S.R. Beckwith, of New York, published
his booklet describing the use of his invention, the Thermo-Ozone
Generator, in the treatment of a wide variety of diseases.
In 1902, J.H. Clarke's "A Dictionary of Practical Materia Medica",
London, describes the successful use of ozonated water ("Oxygenium")
in treating anemia, cancer, diabetes, influenza, morphine poisoning,
canker sores, strychnine poisoning and whooping cough.
In 1902, Dr. Charles Linder, MD, of Spokane, Washington was written
up in an article in a local paper that stated that he injected
ozone as part of his standard medical practice.
In 1904, "The Medical Uses of Hydrozone (ozonated water) and Glycozone
(ozonated olive oil)" by Charles Marchand, a New York chemist
appeared in its 19th edition. The book is in the Library of Congress
with the US Surgeon General's stamp of approval on it.
This active use of therapeutic ozone predates the establishment
of the FDA in 1906 and therefore qualifies ozone therapy to be
grandfathered into acceptance.
In 1911, "A Working Manual of High Frequency Currents" was published
by Dr. Noble Eberhart, MD, the head of the Dept. of Physiologic
Therapeutics at Loyola University, Chicago. In Chapter 9, he details
the use of ozone to treat tuberculosis, anemia, chlorosis, tinnitus,
whooping cough, asthma, bronchitis, hay fever, insomnia, pneumonia,
diabetes, gout and syphilis.
In 1912, Dr. H.C. Bennett published "Electro-Therapeutic Guide".
He described the use of Ozol, ozone breathed after running through
eucalyptus, pine or thyme oils.
In 1913, the Eastern Association for Oxygen Therapy was formed
by Dr. Eugene Blass and some German associates.
During World War I, (1914-1918 ) ozone was used to treat wounds,
trench foot, gangrene and the effects of poison gas.
Dr. Albert Wolff of Berlin also used ozone for colon cancer, cervical
cancer and decubitus ulcers in 1915.
In 1920, Dr. Charles Neiswanger, MD, President of the Chicago
Hospital College of Medicine published "Electro Therapeutical
Practice". Chapter 32 was entitle "Ozone as a Therapeutic Agent".
In the 1920s, Nikola Tesla allowed licensed production of an ozone
air purifier in Canada, based on his cold plasma design.
In 1926, Dr. Otto Warburg of the Kaiser Institute in Berlin announced
that he had found that the cause of cancer is a lack of oxygen
at the cellular level. For his discovery, he was awarded the Nobel
Prize for Medicine in 1931 and again in 1944, the only person
ever to receive two Nobel Prizes for medicine. He was also nominated
for a third.
In 1929, a book called "Ozone and Its Therapeutic Action" was
published in the US listing 114 diseases and how to treat them
with ozone. Its 40 authors were the heads of all the leading American
In 1930, the Swiss dentist Dr. E. A. Fisch was using ozone in
dentistry, and wrote many papers on it. He also introduced it
to the Austrian surgeon Dr. Erwin Payr in 1932.
[In 1933, the American Medical Association, headed up by Morris
Fishbein, set out to eliminate all medical treatments that were
competitive to drug therapy. The suppression of ozone therapy
in the US began then, and continues to this day, except in ten
US states, where doctors are protected by state laws. At the behest
of the AMA, the FDA began seizing generators in the 1940s.]
In 1935, M. Sourdeau published a paper on "Ozone in Therapy" in
Dr. Aubourg and Dr. Lacoste were French physicians using ozone
insufflation 1934-1938. Aubourg wrote "Medical Ozone: Production,
Dosage and Methods of Clinical Application" in 1938. He gave ozone
rectally, vaginally, injected into wounds and by breathing. In
8000 applications, there were no harmful side effects.
Dr. Hans Wolff wrote the book "Medical Ozone" in the 1940s.
In 1942, "Gordon Detoxification and Hydro Surgery: Theory and
Practice" was published covering the medical uses of ozone as
During World War II, Dr. Robert Mayer learned of ozone therapy
from German prisoners of war at Ellis Island, and used ozone in
his practice for the next 45 years.
In 1944, Dr. Otto Warburg earned his second Nobel Prize in Medicine
for his discovery of the basic cause of cancer in damaged cell
In 1948, Dr. William Turska of Oregon began using an ozone machine
of his own design (Aethozone). In 1951, Dr. Turska wrote the article
"Oxidation", still appropriate today.
In 1952, the National Cancer Institute verified Dr. Otto Warburg's
findings regarding lack of oxygen being the cause of cancer.
From 1953, German Dr. Hans Wolff began training many doctors in
In 1954, Frank Totney published "Oxygen : Master of Cancer".
In 1956, Dr. Otto Warburg published "On the Origin of Cancer Cells"
in Science, 24 February 1956, Vol. 123, Num. 3191.
In 1957, Dr. J. Hansler patented an ozone generator which has
formed the basis of the expansion in German ozone therapy over
the last 40 years. Today, over 8000 German doctors use ozone therapy
In 1961, the Encyclopedia of Chemical Technology stated: "During
the 80 year history of the large scale usage of ozone, there has
never been a human death attributed to it".
In 1961, Dr. Hans Wolff introduced the techniques of major and
In 1966, Dr. Otto Warburg, now director of the Max Planck Institute
for Cell Physiology, delivered a lecture on "The Prime Cause and
Prevention of Cancer" to a meeting of Nobel laureates at Lake
In 1971, Dr. Hans Wolff and Prof. Dr. Siegfried Rilling founded
The German Medical Society for Ozone Therapy.
In 1972, The International Association for Oxygen Therapy was
founded by Dr. George Freibott as the successor to the Eastern
Association for Oxygen Therapy of 1913.
In 1977, Dr. Renate Viebahn provided an overview of ozone's biological
In 1979, Dr. George Freibott successfully treated a Haitian AIDS
patient suffering Kaposi's sarcoma with ozone.
In 1980, Dr. Horst Kief also reported success with ozone therapy
for AIDS patients.
In 1980, F. Sweet, et al, publish "Ozone Selectively Inhibits
Human Cancer Cell Growth" in the peer-reviewed journal, Science,
In 1982, the German medical textbook "Medical Ozone" is published
by Dr. E. Fischer Medical Publications in Heidelberg.
In 1983, the first International Ozone Association medical ozone
conference was held, in Washington, D.C., USA. The abstracts were
published in the book "Medical Applications of Ozone", compiled
and edited by Julius Laraus.
In 1985, Dr. Renate Viebahn published "The Biochemical Process
Underlying Ozone Therapy". Dr. Siegfried Rilling published "Basic
Clinical Applications of Ozone Therapy".
In 1987, Dr. Siegfried Rilling and Dr. Renate Viebahn collaborated
on the publication of "The Use of Ozone in Medicine", now the
standard medical text on ozone application.
In 1990, the Cubans reported success in treating glaucoma, conjunctivitis
and retinitis pigmentosa with ozone.
In 1992, the Russians reported the successful use of ozone in
a brine bath to treat burns.
In June 1994, Plasmafire Intl sponsored an ozone symposium in
Vancouver, with 160 attendees, and as a direct result, ozone therapy
is recognized as an accepted modality by the Naturopathic Association
of BC, with over 40 naturopaths treating patients with ozone therapy
Today, after 125 years of usage, ozone therapy is recognized in
Germany, Italy, France, Russia, Romania, Poland, Czech Republic,
Hungary, Yugoslavia, Bulgaria, Israel, Japan, Singapore, Brazil,
Cuba, Mexico, 4 Canadian provinces and 14 US states (Alaska, Washington,
California, Colorado, Nevada, New Mexico, Texas, Oklahoma, Georgia,
New York, North Carolina, Ohio, Minnesota).
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